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Herbert Marcuse's notion of Technology and its importance for the contemporary Filipino family

The study investigates Marcuse’s philosophy of technology and its importance for the contemporary Filipino family. It starts with a comprehensive discussion on the philosopher’s notion of technology via his critical theory of society mostly found in his works One-Dimensional Man and “Some Social Implications of Modern Technology.” His other works such as the Essay on Liberation, Eros and Civilization, and Aggressiveness in Advance Industrialized Society are also consulted for further clarifications. The study analyzes the contemporary Filipino family by discussing some major issues confronting it and presents the negative and positive effects of technology. It also emphasizes the importance of Marcuse’s notion of technology for the contemporary Filipino family.
Marcuse conceives technology both as a tool for domination and for emancipation. He claims that technology tends to become totalitarian at the outset of capitalism. This means that it becomes a new form of social control and domination the moment it is organized in the interest of extracting profit. Thus, in the capitalist society, technology shows its totalitarian character. Despite his claim that “technological rationality” has successfully dominated human beings, he views that this rationality also liberates and enriches human life. Thus, for Marcuse, technology is also a tool for emancipation.
The study also shows that the emergence of working wives, urban migration and the growing numbers of Filipino overseas contract workers, increasing number of working children, marital infidelity and marriage dissolution, pre-marital sex, teen-age pregnancies and early marriages, and disappearance of Filipino core values are partly caused by the advancement in technology. Since these issues facilitate confusion, conflict and disorganization in the contemporary Filipino family, technology as a tool for domination is hostile to the integrity of the Filipino family. Nevertheless, the same technology also liberates humanity from material poverty and excessive toil. It is also very important to the Filipino family as it promotes progress and development. Thus, Marcuse’s notion of technology is important for the contemporary Filipino family.

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
7 INTRODUCTION Rationale of the Study Human beings want convenience in living, expediency in labor, and security in life. Sometimes, these “wants” do not even suffice since humans always want more— more convenience in living, more expediency in labor, and more security in life. This want for “more” has always been the pointed object of the person’s struggle in life ever since. The primitive people who used to live in caves dared to break the walls of timidity, crossed the vast valleys and mountains, and built houses conducive for living. The means for survival is not anymore limited to hunting. Planting was soon practiced, machine was invented, and laws were enacted. All of these came into being because of the person’s want for more. And today, persons enjoy the expediency of transportation and communication, the luxury and convenience of living, and security in life as well. Technology is indeed conceived as grace for it brings progress in society, gives convenience to persons, and opens new dimensions in life. Thus, technology is indispensable for without it humans might not have conquered the impediments of civilization. However, the exciting story of technology does not stop here. Technology conceived as “grace”, i.e., as “good” is also at the same time a disgrace. It negates itself so that whenever it produces good, it also brings evil effects. As Lewis Mumford says, “Technology, as a mode of production, as the totality of instruments, devices and contrivances which characterize the machine age is thus at the same time a mode of organizing and perpetuating (or changing) social relationships, a manifestation of prevalent thought and behavior patterns, an

International thesis/dissertation

Autore: Jeffry Ocay Contatta »

Composta da 95 pagine.


Questa tesi ha raggiunto 273 click dal 03/02/2006.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.