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Trafficking in human beings: a literature review

Despite the fact that, exactly 200 years ago, Britain and the United Stated formally outlawed the transatlantic slave trade, trafficking in human beings is now the slavery of our times. The global political agendas are trying to address this transnational problem with International Organizations, NGO's and so on, but the extent of the problem is not decreasing, in fact duplicates, thus enriching international criminal organizations. To get a good view of the phenomenon of trafficking in human beings is needed a thorough analysis of the literature available on the topic. This study aims at the deconstruction and analysis of the existing literature on human trafficking. However, no author has in the past made a clear assessment that focused exclusively on the analysis of the literature on human trafficking. The researcher conducted an analysis of 223 publications that have been systematically analyzed based on specific criteria. This literature has shown a wide range of aspects of human trafficking, although some weaknesses were found. Finally emerged how the sources and the research methods can influence the perception of the phenomenon.

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
- 1 - CHAPTER I - Research questions and methodology 1. Statement of the problem Human trafficking is the slavery of our time. Exactly 200 years ago, Britain and the United Stated formally outlawed the transatlantic slave trade. Today, nothing has changed, many countries are affected by people who migrate out of despair and it is easy for human traffickers to transform a dream into a market (Lagon, 2008/2009). International Organizations issued reports on the problem with facts and figures that are often unreliable, given the opaque manner of data collection. The United Nations estimated that at least 12 million people worldwide are victims of trafficking and that half of all victims of forced labor are women and girls (UNICRI, 2004): Member states often present data without a clear explanation of how the data has been collected. This study aims at the deconstruction and analysis of the existing literature on human trafficking. The document divides itself into a summary, an evaluation, synthesis and comparison, and the critique of the existing studies and reports. The research is mainly based on recent studies from leading authorities, and high-prestige or high-visibility sources such as the university presses of highly ranked universities or articles published in the leading journals in the field of human trafficking from late 1990s. Nevertheless, studies from international governmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, think- tanks, governmental agencies and international newspapers have also been taken into consideration. The study did not focus on independent or freelance researchers or on human smuggling studies. Due to a restricted timeframe of seven months, only English, Italian, French and Spanish sources could be considered and analyzed.

Tesi di Master

Autore: Michele Damone Contatta »

Composta da 111 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 284 click dal 29/06/2010.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.