EU Citizenship Building: The Role of Education and its Governance

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6 of a state 7 ”. According to Stanislaw Konopacki citizenship is “The way a citizen is treated by polis, rights she/he posses, a real recognition of her/his freedom and equality reflect the very nature of the polity she/he is a member” and “generally, citizenship means a special kind of direct relationship between an individual and a political community 8 ”. Although the literature offers many definitions, a common element present in every definition is the direct relation between the individual and the State of belonging: the citizenship status gives the opportunity to fully participate in the decision-making processes of the State. Considering this essential element, it’s clear how the classical format and structure of citizenship is thought to sustain the Westphalian principles, maintaining and promoting the central role of the nation State. The architecture of the Nation State in the Westaphalian order is characterised by sovereignty, nationality and great importance is given to borders 9 . In fact, national citizenship is a concept that embodies all of these characteristics. As to sovereignty, laws that rule the attribution of citizenship are settled by the Nation State, and consequently different regulations and different ways to obtain citizenship between different States exist. Generally, the main modalities to acquire a national citizenship are the “ius soli”, the “ius sanguinis”, the “citizenship by marriage” and by “naturalisation”. The “ius soli” (right of soil) refers to that particular mechanism by which the citizenship status is given to all persons who were born in its territory. Another procedure valid for the conferral of citizenship is represented by the “ius sanguinis” (right of blood), by which the subject is entitled to have the right to obtain the same citizenship owned by the parents. In the case of citizenship acquisition by marriage, the person is endowed of the same citizenship of his/her wife/husband after the wedding, while in the case of citizenship by naturalisation, instead, a person can asks for the attribution of national citizenship after an uninterrupted period of residence in the territorial space of the State. Regarding these general methods to acquire the legal status of citizen is nevertheless important to remark that every State adopts different regulations concerning timing and requirements in the attribution of citizenship. Finally, the Nation State is naturally made up and limited by borders: citizenship is related to this reality and this well fixed space of living. Within these areas and rules, citizenship is practised and citizens can participate in the political life of their State of belonging. However, structural changes in the emerging new international system are taken place. 7 Bekemans L., Globalisation and Inclusiveness in the EU, Edizioni Libreria Rinoceronte, Padua, 2009, p. 106 8 Konopacki S., European Citizenship for Inclusive Europe - In Intercultural Dialogue and Citizenship. Translating Values into Actions. A Common Project for European and their partners, Marsilio, Venezia, 2007, p. 69. 9 Papisca A., Riflessioni in Tema di Cittadinanza Europea e Diritti Umani, in Peace Human Rights, vol.1/2004, Padua, p.40-41.

Anteprima della Tesi di Flaviano Fatuzzo

Anteprima della tesi: EU Citizenship Building: The Role of Education and its Governance, Pagina 6

Laurea liv.I

Facoltà: Scienze Politiche

Autore: Flaviano Fatuzzo Contatta »

Composta da 93 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 149 click dal 08/04/2013.

 

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