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Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1400/2002 of 31 July 2002: Future developments within the E.U. car market.

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Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1400/2002 of 31 of July 2002: Future Developments within the E.U. Car Market 8 simply draws a line between agreements falling within the scope of Article 81(1) and parallel conduct not meeting the criteria of Article 81(1). “A broad overall policy has been established with regard to restrictive agreements and concerted practices. Certain types of agreement are prohibited, almost without exception. These are: • horizontal or vertical agreements that fix prices directly or indirectly; • agreements on conditions of sale; • agreements that isolate market segments, such as those concerning price reductions or those that seek to prohibit, restrict or, on the contrary, promote imports or exports; • agreements on production or delivery quotas; • agreements on investments; • joint sales offices; • market-sharing agreements; • exclusive collective markets; • agreements leading to discrimination against other trading parties; • collective boycotting; • voluntary restraints (agreements not to engage in certain types of competitive behaviour)” 5 Article 81(3) (previously Article 85(3)) does, nonetheless, offer the possibility of authorising agreements prohibited under Article 81(1). Selected types of cooperation, positive ones, such as agreements which improve the production or distribution of goods or promote technical or economic progress may thus be exempt, including: • “exclusivity agreements; • licensing agreements for technology transfer; • specialisation and R&D agreements; • franchise agreements; • agreements in the insurance sector” 6 . 5 Ibid. 6 Ibid.

Anteprima della Tesi di Valeria Vigliani

Anteprima della tesi: Commission Regulation (EC) No. 1400/2002 of 31 July 2002: Future developments within the E.U. car market., Pagina 6

Tesi di Laurea

Autore: Valeria Vigliani Contatta »

Composta da 81 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 3131 click dal 20/03/2004.

 

Consultata integralmente 2 volte.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.