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Financial Risk Management and International Accounting

Financial risk management refers to the practices used by corporate finance managers and accountants to limit and control uncertainty in the firm’s total portfolio. Financial risk management aims to minimize the risk of loss from unexpected changes in the prices of currencies, interest rates, commodities, and equities. In the context of international accounting, financial risk management also contains an element of political, legal and “culture” risk—exposure to uncertainty in the outcomes of business transactions and asset transfers that comes with most international business operations. Accountants are closely involved in the analysis and evaluation of the financial effects of currency movements and exchange rates, tax regimes and business laws, as well as risks of hostile takeover, expropriation and economic downturns that differ in every country from Singapore and Malaysia to Japan, America and beyond.

Risk management has become an integral part of international business strategy, and accountants use quantitative tools to measure and analyze risk. The job of the Chief Financial Officer is to identify and address all types of risk, establish support and control mechanisms for dealing with it, and set the course for the risk management team in terms of its policies and objectives.

This study examines the financial practices employed for this purpose, including diversification (the combination of dissimilar investments that offset each other); asset allocation (use of safe or low-risk investments to mitigate losses from high-risk holdings); and hedging (use of financial contracts such as currency futures, options or swaps to cancel out possible losses in transactions or holdings). These practices are examined in light of their applications for international business, where accountants must cope with many more types and degrees of risk. The study also review the areas of financial analysis that concern the firm’s long-term strategy, such as investment risk (market analysis, portfolio management, asset price volatility), credit risk (individual and corporate), and insurance risk (property, product and business liabilities). The study argues that the specialist in international accounting needs to familiarize herself with local conditions, regulations and policies that affect each of these areas of finance.

To keep track of the myriad details of a risk management system, managers now rely upon a wide range of new tools and technologies- computer-based trading systems, telecommunications technology, decision support systems that quantify risk factors, and so on. Intelligent risk management helps a company stabilize cash flows, reduce risk of insolvency, manage foreign taxes, and focus on its primary business in each country and market. It is particularly critical in Southeast Asia today, where complex overseas operations are common for resident, host and guest firms alike.

In this study, the financial risk management is examined from the perspective of international accounting, to show how risk mitigation applies to the multinational firms with complex global transactions and assets. The studies analyze the interplay of currencies, exchange rates, interest rates, and accounting systems. Financial risk management is a specialized area of international accounting that requires specific training, tools and techniques, if one is to be successful in mitigating risk for an international business.

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1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Risk management structure should be well thought-out, as well as a cultural fit and sustainable. (Smiechewicz, 2001) Uncertainty is not measurable. Risk is. - Frank Knight, Risk, Uncertainty and Profit (1921) 1.1 Introduction Success in business, to a certain degree, requires owners and managers to take calculated risks. The most successful business is usually managed by people who know when to push forward and when to pull back, when to buy and when to sell, when to stand firm and when to compromise. The successful company is managed by people who understand what risk in business is, and how this risk should be managed and mitigated. Risk is an undeniable reality of doing business today, whether domestically or globally. A successful entrepreneur does not fear risk, but strives to understand it, to manage it, even to take advantage of it. As risk management tools and techniques become more and more complex, however, companies require the services of a Risk Management specialist. A growing specialty in this field, globally, is that of international accounting risk management. International accounting professionals can contribute to the

International thesis/dissertation

Facoltà: IUBS

Autore: Yasmin Yusof Contatta »

Composta da 301 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 3435 click dal 30/08/2006.

 

Consultata integralmente 22 volte.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.