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Giving Aid To The Needy: A comparative study of Red Cross' role in two different Emergency scenarios (Bologna/Italy and Chicago/Illinois)

FOCUS: two similar organizations working in two very different socio-political contexts have been compared in their history, objective, development and prospected future. To perform this appraisal correctly, I analysed both the Red Cross’ organizations and the related First Aid/Rescue/Relief system, namely the 118 system for the Italian case and the 911 for the American one. The direction of the analysis focused on these organizations function in the primary health care, and particularly on what concerns the regular ambulance and rescue giving service. In my opinion primary health care, and more specifically the ambulance and rescue service, is on the very bottom line of Welfare and sufferings relieving.
The heart of the matter has been a in-depth study of the Italian Red Cross, particularly focusing on its contributions to the integrated health assistance and relief system, in the perspective of a “surface level” appraisal of the Italian and European welfare state system.
The differences between Italian and American Red Cross, primarily concerning the methodology of action and linkages with the overall health system, eventually led me to a broad evaluation of the different “systems of welfare” and, furthermore, of the “social philosophies”, pillar characteristics of the respective cultures.

METHOD: the comparative methodology has been based on the “Most Different Systems” perspective. In this context the extensive historical introduction on the different socio-political background was intended as a platform for the enhancement of the subsequent in-depth analysis. The assessment of the two organizations was based on comparable points of reference, clarifying the individual weaknesses and strengths. My final purpose was to assess how and to what extent the Red Cross’ National Societies that I discussed support the basic principle of “giving aid to the needy” through the results of their endeavour in their respective social frameworks. Concurrent with this, a further key point of this thesis was to verify and compare the degree and extensiveness of the Red Cross’ role in Bologna’s and Chicago’s Areas, particularly regarding the organization, the formation, and the participation in any form to regular ambulance service or, when unfeasible, the level of community service offered in the Emergency Medical Service and First Aid fields.

• I preliminarily examined the two organizations through the respective historical path, juridical development and status, organizational framework, mission, governance, budget transparency and financial accountability.
A parallel history and evolution of the two Red Cross Societies is the most fundamental point of convergence, and accordingly there is a common characteristic of basic consistency with the Fundamental Principles of ICRC, and with all their subsequent amendments.

• A second core point of this study has been the development of a parallel investigation on the importance and operative functioning of the volunteers within the organization.

• A transversal research topic has been the attention to paid/unpaid primary health services in each studied system, and the distinctive peculiarities of the respective “cultural and institutional matrixes”.

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
4 1. GENERAL PREFACE, MOTIVATIONS, DRIVING FORCES OF THE STUDY The interest that has driven me to write this thesis dates fairly back in the past, to at least a decade ago, since my first approach with the Red Cross “on the field”. The year was 1994, and I was in Croatia for humanitarian purposes, and had the possibility to talk and share views with a group of ICRC officers, in a conversation that I found really interesting and that lasted, in my memory and in my soul, for a long time. The unfathomable importance of that episode was, most of all, that of being part of “a chain of experiences” that I consider the core of my formation process. Moreover, the views expressed by those officers, their open-minded talking and their confidence with the environment and the sense of duty they expressed have been an example and a model to me. During this Master’s Program I had my first possibility to have a close view of the Italian Red Cross, and besides to study in a wider perspective the ICRC system, looking for similarities and divergences amongst the various National Societies, and their consistency within the ICRC framework. My research started with the study that I carried out for the Master’s Module Exam “Medical Systems research and Public Health: a Comparative Historical Approach”, in agreement with Professor Paul Weindling, currently my advisor. The focus topic I chose was about the Red Cross, its historical transformations and the development of an integrated health assistance and relief system, originally in Bologna and then in the rest of Italy. To enhance the comparative approach, I chose not to simply compare

Tesi di Master

Autore: Raffaele Pettazzoni Contatta »

Composta da 172 pagine.


Questa tesi ha raggiunto 112 click dal 19/09/2007.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.