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The Intervento Straordinario, its successor policies and the political economy of regional development in the Mezzogiorno: an anatomy of failure

The end of the extraordinary government policy for the South of Italy has seen experiments on new models of intervention characterised by greater participation of local subjects in local development.
This dissertation intends to analyse the impact on the regional development of Southern Italy (the Mezzogiorno) of the ending of the long-standing centralised regional policy (the so called Intervento Straordinario) and the return of public spending in the South to that associated with the "ordinary" administration after 1992.
We pay attention to the effects of the first phase of regional policy for the Mezzogiorno goes from 1950 to 1992 and we shall show that the main changes in this period concerned the structure and management of policy, breaking the top-down centralisation of the Cassa del Mezzogiorno with main separate institutions.

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The " Intervento Straordinario", its successor policies and the Political Economy of regional development in the Mezzogiorno: an anatomy of failure by Leonardo Piccinetti Leonardo Piccinetti Candidate Number 98102002 Thursday, September 14, 2000 6 INTRODUCTION The economic difference amogst North and South Italy is old and huge unsolved problem, that it undertaken and still untertaking the Italian government, the European Union and specially the local authorities. The research of solution going throught policies analysis during last decades. Formerly government help to depressed areas was of the public works/public assistance variety. The development policy, as of the other areas depressed of the country, always come to always depend more on the participation of the European regional policies. Now it is accepted that measures on purely local term are ineffective, and that local economies must be fitted into regional, national and European frames. The Mezzogiorno is no longer just Italy's problem region, for it also the most pronouncement problem region within the European Union. Thus have arisen far researching regional policies that aim imposing new direction and character to regional economies by means of massive government investment and interventions. Italy has had to confront its own southern question, that being the question of the Mezzogiorno. The South has suffered enormous underdevelopment, while the North has enjoyed prosperity. "Italy has the distinction and the challenge of combining one of most advanced industrial economies of Western Europe with one of the continent's poorest and most depressed areas - the Mezzogiorno, the land of the midday sun" (Chubb, 81). Carlo Levi portrayed a depiction of the southern peasants' lifestyles in the book Christ Stopped at Eboli. This is an extraordinary illustration of how serious the economic gap was at that time (1935). He went so far as to describe Gagliano, a town in the province of Basilicata, as "quella nera civilita`" (Levi, 235), that black civilisation. He painted quite a vivid, but truthful picture of the situation. This dissertation is divided mainly in three parts. The first part regards the main phases of the Intervento Straodinario in the Mezzogiorno. These are pre-industrialisation policies (1950- 57); the industrialisation policies (1957-74); the transition decade (1974-1984) and finally the end and failure of the Intervento Straordinario (1984-1992). After will be examined, in the second part of dissertation, the establishment of the European regional policy measures. Finally we shall deal the new regional policy in the Mezzogiorno and supports the theory that these new approach to local development policies. We shall analysis the most innovative aspects of two important models: the Territorial Pacts and the Area Contracts considering past experience (above all in the industrial districts) and present experience in Apulia region.

Tesi di Master

Autore: Leonardo Piccinetti Contatta »

Composta da 64 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 1119 click dal 20/03/2004.

 

Consultata integralmente 2 volte.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.