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Overcoming Access Barriers to Paediatric Healthcare Services: Users’ Point of View Analysis of the Emergency Paediatric Outpatients Department in Goderich, Sierra Leone.

In the last sixty years international institutions explicitly recognised the primary role of healthcare for people’s well being. In 1948, the United Nation in the Universal Declaration of Human Right declared that all the human beings are equal and that childhood and motherhood should be especially protected. In 1978, the World Health Organisation and UNICEF with the declaration of Alma Ata jointly confirmed that health is a fundamental human right. More recently the United Nations included in the Millennium Development Goals the goal to drastically reduce under five mortality. Despite the official documents, in Sub Saharian Africa 157 children every thousand births still die before reaching the age of five years old. Access to healthcare is the key to improve children’s healthcare but also to alleviate part of women’s daily burden of activities. The Italian NGO Emergency provide free and high quality healthcare in country such as Sierra Leone, where the rate of under five children mortality is of 288 every thousand.
This research is a qualitative study mainly based on primary data collected during a three weeks fieldwork in Sierra Leone. It explores the factors preventing or discouraging women from accessing the paediatric service provided by Emergency in the village of Goderich. The primary data for this study were collected through twenty four semi-structured interviews, both with local women and with members of the Emergency staff.
The literature review introduces some theories used during the research such as the Gender and Development approach, the concepts of household level and care-seeking strategy and the theory of health as part of human capital. It furthermore includes a description of the main barriers to accessing healthcare service at individual, household and community level. A theoretical framework summarises the content of the literature and provides a tool to analyse the primary data. During the research it proved to be also useful to structure the checklist used for the semi-structured interviews.
The findings underline how the most important demand side barriers affecting the service are the indirect cost of accessing the service, but it should not be neglected the influence of informational, social and cultural factors. On the supply side, the strongest barrier is the attitude of part of the national medical staff working in the clinic. The final chapter answers to the research question and, based on the relevant literature, outlines some recommendations that could improve the access to the service.

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
Chapter one - Introduction 1.1 Rationale of the study and research objectives On 10 th December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, stating in the first article that: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” (UN, 1948). In particular, article twenty five affirms: (1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services […] (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection. (Article 25 Universal Declaration of Human rights, UN, 1948) Between 6 th and 12th September 1978, the international conference organised by WHO and UNICEF in Alma Ata, in the former Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan declared that: [H]ealth, which is a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a fundamental human right […] (Article 1, Declaration of Alma Ata, WHO-UNICEF, 1978) It established, contemporarily, the target to provide access to basic health care for everyone by the year 2000. Thus, following the guidelines of the Alma Ata Declaration (WHO-UNICEF, 1978), any health intervention should be based on the idea of equity, accessibility, participation and inclusion of the poorest and marginalised people. Furthermore, it suggested that when planning and implementing projects and programs, a user’s perspective should be adopted. Twenty two years later, the fourth Millenium Development Goal (MDG), approved during the UN Millenium Summit, has a target to reduce, between 1990 and 2015, the mortality rate of under-five children by two thirds   1

Tesi di Master

Autore: Stefano Battain Contatta »

Composta da 53 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 141 click dal 27/03/2009.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.