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An assessment of the experiences of patients in the CCMT programme in Tshwane, Gauteng - South Africa

The conclusions will be discussed under the different sections of the questionnaire and acknowledges the responses of the respondents. The numbers of people infected with HIV accessing CCMT are apparently increasing exponentially. The number of people receiving treatment with ARVs through the public sector CCMT program was estimated at 900 000 towards the end of 2009. Challenges in the provision of ARVs in South Africa are inevitable due to the identified difficulties with drug supplies, shortages of human resources for health and other resources (Wouters 2007). Given the challenges at hand, it is essential to conduct an assessment to determine the experiences of patients who are on the CCMT program in facilities providing such service

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
1 Chapter 1 Introduction and Background 1.1 Introduction It is estimated that 5.5 million South Africans are currently infected with HIV and the majority of these infections are as a result of vaginal sexual intercourse transmission, this suggests that the HIV and AIDS epidemic in South Africa is one of the worst in the world (UNAIDS, 2008). All districts and sub-districts in the nine provinces of South Africa are currently having health facilities accredited for provision of ARVs through the Comprehensive HIV and AIDS Care Management and Treatment plan (CCMT). Accreditation of CCMT services is conducted through the collaboration of the National and Provincial Departments of Health including partners and communities. The operational plan for the management of CCMT is a policy which provides direction for the management of HIV and AIDS Care and Treatment and it was developed by the National Department of Health during 2003. This chapter intends to provide an orientation of the background to the study and problem statement. 1.2 Background The first recognized cases of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) were diagnosed in the United States during the early 1980‟s (Goedert & Blattner 1988). During that time it was noted that gay men in New York and San Francisco began to develop uncommon opportunistic infections and cancers that were to some degree resistant to treatment (CDC, 1987). Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a lentivirus and it was first isolated in 1983 by Dr Montagnier, Dr Gallo on the other hand was the first scientist to propagate HIV into the cell line in 1984 (Goedert and Blattner 1988). It was evident during the time that HIV was certainly the causative agent for AIDS (Gallo & Montagnier 1988).

International thesis/dissertation

Autore: Mmbangiseni Terrance Magoro Contatta »

Composta da 107 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 36 click dal 06/07/2010.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.