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Inter-Temporal Decomposition of Poverty and Inequality in the Distibution of Living Standards in Cameroon

Abstract
This study attempts to carry out a comprehensive analysis of the evolution of poverty and inequality trends using ECAM I and ECAM II collected in 1996 and 2001 respectively. The theoretical decomposition frameworks propelling the study are motivated mainly by the Shapley value while empirical estimates are obtained from DAD 4.4.

From our findings, we observe that Rural forest and Rural highlands regions were hardest hit by poverty and inequality trends in Cameroon. The result shows that the within-regions effects were found to be more instrumental in accounting for changes in all the classes of poverty measures than the inter-sector population shift effects in the period under review. While the between-region effects were systematically contributing in alleviating poverty in the Rural forest and Rural highlands and at the same time aggravating poverty in Yaounde, Douala.

As concerning inequality, we observed the dominant contribution of the within-group inequality in the distribution of living standard in Cameroon and the between-group contribution to inequality trends was found to be non negligible. On the global scale, inequality retreated at the national level, Yaounde, Douala and Rural savannah regions in the period 1996-2001. However, inequality got worse in Rural forest, Rural highlands as well as other towns in Cameroon.

Basing on our result, we suggests that policies and strategies for reducing poverty/inequality should place particular emphasis on the countryside and on a region-by-region approach such as decentralization. Increase provision of rural extension services (roads, electricity, markets, portable water………).

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
CHAPTER ONE GENERAL INTRODUCTION 1.0 CONTEXT OF STUDY The problem of poverty is a major concern for all governments and the struggle to alleviate poverty is leaving no government indifferent. Poverty and inequality are actually a world wide phenomenon which is spreading in rich and underdeveloped countries in different ways and is destined to worsen unless new approaches are developed and new scientific knowledge about its causes are discovered (Townsend, 1993). According to the figures in the World Bank development report (1993), nearly 50 percent of the world poor leaves in South Asia and sub Saharan Africa (SSA) with SSA accounting for a highly disproportionate number base upon a poverty level of less than 32 US dollars per month. In Cameroon, overall poverty deepened within the period 1984/1996 with rural poverty remaining more widespread, deeper and more severe than urban poverty (see Baye 2005a, Fambon et al, 2004). Despite the improve macro economic situation, public education and health indicators have remained poor and Cameroon is still perceived as a very corrupt country on the basis of surveys undertaken in 1998 and 1999 by transparency international. The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper PRSP, (2003) also confirms that, nearly 4 out of every ten Cameroonians in 2001 were living with an annual income below the poverty line of CFAF 232.547 (roughly equivalent to US $1 per person, per day or FCFA 19000 a month). This represents the 1

International thesis/dissertation

Autore: Daniel Tambi Contatta »

Composta da 117 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 25 click dal 02/09/2010.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.