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The Role of Brazil in the Global Governance

The last twenty years have witnessed the economic and political emergence of Brazil as a regional power and an emerging country. The former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (2003-2011) has pursued the strategy aimed at making Brazil a “big country” in the world arena. The key aim of Brazilian foreign policy has been, in fact, the achievement of the international recognition as a major player in international affairs. Today, Brazil is at crucial juncture of its history. Thanks to the politics of the Lula administration, Brazil has gained a relevant role in the world arena, such as in the G20, in the BRICS countries, in the WTO and in the Copenhagen Summit. It aspires to become a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Last year, it has brokered with Iran a nuclear deal. Brazil, the country renowned for sun, beaches, carnival, samba and soccer, aspires to become a new global player, owing to its impressive social and economic gains and its diplomatic accomplishments. Brazil is a large growing economy, with a young population, natural resources, a diversified industrial sector and a competitive agricultural sector. Significantly, its economic emergence has been driven by both its abundance of natural resources as well as the export of finished products.
However, Lula’s diplomacy has neither consolidated the position of Brazil as a regional power, nor attained its declared goal of inserting Brazil into the United Nation Security Council, although it has strengthened Brazil’s imagine in the international scenario. Therefore, there are still challenges to face, in order to take part meaningfully in the global governance.

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3 Introduction ― The government has made a political decision to insert Brazil into the world as a major country, a country which likes to respect others but at the same time a country which wants to be respected. We will not accept any more participating in international politics as if we were the poor little ones of Latin America, a „little country‟ of the Third World, a „little country‟ which has street children, which only knows how to play football, and only knows how to enjoy carnival. This country does have street children, has carnival and has football. But this country has much more. This country has greatness …this country has everything to be the equal of any other country in the world. And we will not give up on this goal.‖ (Fragment of a speech by President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva at the lunch offered to the graduating students at the Rio Branco Institute in 2003 1 ) In the recent years, Brazil has emerged as a strong actor on the global stage. After several political and economic changes – among them the global financial crisis – the era of US unilateralism has ended and new centers of power have come out. Brazil is one of the countries that has benefited from the international disorder. It has come out from the 2008 financial crisis more quickly and much better than the other countries. The country has reached high levels of economic growth (the gross domestic product – GDP – was nearly 2 trillion dollars in 2008), it has reduced the inflation, it had attracted foreign investments and it had hold its currency – the real 2 – stable. This is 1 “Discurso do Presidente da República, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, em almoço oferecido aos formandos do Instituto Rio Branco” (“Speech by the President of the Republic, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, at the lunch offered to the graduating students of the Rio Branco Institute”), September 18, 2003, available from http://www.itamaraty.gov.br/sala-de-imprensa/discursos-artigos- entrevistas-e-outras-comunicacoes/presidente-da-republica-federativa-do-brasil/18774501213- discurso-do-presidente-da-republica-luiz-inacio 2 The name of the current Brazilian currency came both from the Real Unity of Value (a transition currency) and from an older currency that existed until 1942. In Portuguese it is called "Real", meaning "royal", as it originated in Portugal, then a monarchy.

Tesi di Master

Autore: Federica Mingione Contatta »

Composta da 84 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 190 click dal 27/03/2012.

 

Consultata integralmente 3 volte.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.