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Governing Regulation: Regulatory Impact Analysis in the European Union, the United Kindgom and the Netherlands

The rise of the ‘regulatory state’ has constrained many European and OECD countries to set up policy tools to govern regulation. Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) is a decision tool economic that systematically assesses the negative and positive impacts of proposed and existing regulation. In order to communicate information to decision-makers, it takes the form of a short and structured document

This policy making tool has the high potential to cope with the issue of the lack of legitimacy and credibility of regulators, enhancing accountability and transparency of the regulatory process. However, it is only one element of regulatory reform; implementation of RIA needs specific preconditions, i.e. the public management reform, deregulation, and an efficient competition law.

Through three case studies (the European Union, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom), this dissertation faces an essential feature of the ‘new’ regulatory system: its multilevel structure. Each case study particularly focuses on two elements of the RIA system: methodology and institutional design.

It is argued that implementation of RIA is not an easy task, particularly at the EU level. There are many factors that determine the setting up and successive evolution of this policy tool. However, a conclusion of this dissertation is that RIA is a dynamic tool with the potential to transform regulatory governance.

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
4 This dissertation deals with the political implication of a policy instrument, that is, regulatory impact analysis (RIA). This chapter introduces the concept (section 1.1), the criticisms (section 1.2), and the potential (section 1.3) of this policy instrument. Regulatory policy instruments, however, are 'nested' into broader trajectories of regulatory reforms and new approaches to the problem of 'governing regulation'. This problem can be tackled in three different stages, that is, deregulation, regulatory quality, and regulatory management, as will be explained in Sections 1.4. Contrary to the tabloid view of public policy, the last two decades cannot be identified with the era of deregulation. Quite the opposite indeed, they have produced complex processes of liberalisation and re-regulation -- hence the notion of 'regulatory state' which will be discussed later on in Section 1.5. The aim in this chapter is therefore to provide an understanding of RIA as a policy instrument with considerable potential for the management of policy in the 'regulatory state'.

Tesi di Master

Autore: Fabrizio De Francesco Contatta »

Composta da 78 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 667 click dal 20/03/2004.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.