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Culture, tourism and Fascism in Venice 1919-1945

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15 served two main functions. The first included both the import of foreign currency and the export of Italian currency abroad. The second entailed the fostering of Italian national prestige through promotion of greater awareness of the treasures of Italy. Tourist institutions, cultural associations, leisure companies and other powerful organisations such as the Touring Club 59 and the Istituto LUCE 60 were all vehicles for the dissemination of cultural and tourist propaganda: as an example, in 1936, the central events of such policy were considered to be the Milan Triennale and the Venice Biennale. 61 In the case of Venice, we have the example of a city serving the economic purposes of tourism (sustaining the import of foreign currency and the export of Italian currency as demanded by the Duce), but it cannot be said that the municipality dedicated itself to any broader Fascist ideological functions such as the representation of the nation at home and abroad if this did not create any direct economic benefit. Cultural tourism in Venice had always represented the main source of profit for the city, and cultural events were primarily understood as a necessary incentive for the tourist movement rather than reinforcing the Fascist ideological project. Despite Mussolini’s declarations, tourism in the lagoon had never operated as a predominantly ideological vehicle but was geared essentially towards practical concerns, and the tourist industry was more a centre of corporate opportunism than rigid Fascist fanaticism. In a city where the town council had considered making degree-level qualifications compulsory for those acting as tourist guides, 62 and where the town celebrations committee included as many as 59 The Touring Club Italiano was an association founded in 1894 which aimed at the spread of ‘cultural and qualitative promotion of tourism’ amongst Italians (Giuseppe Bozzini, ‘Turismo insieme: l’associazionismo e il Touring Club Italiano’, in Touring Club Italiano (ed.), 90 Anni di Turismo in Italia 1894-1984, Milano, TCI, 1984, p. 35). 60 Born in 1924, the Istituto LUCE (L’Unione Cinematografica Educativa) was a body created by Fascism in order to ensure the presence of the state in the cinematographic industry which had, up to that point, been dominated by private hands. The Istituto LUCE aimed at promoting a type of educational and propagandistic production, isolated from commercial interests. 61 Calzini, ‘Invito a rivedere l’Italia’. However, in his work on the Touring Club Italiano, Bosworth insists that the Club was ‘alien to any political commitment which [was] completely outside its own field of interest (…). The official stance thus was, and remained that the TCI had no politics’ (Bosworth, ‘The Touring Club Italiano’, p. 382). 62 Archivio Municipale di Venezia, Verbali delle sedute della Consulta Municipale di Venezia, session 8 October 1931.

Anteprima della Tesi di Stefania Longo

Anteprima della tesi: Culture, tourism and Fascism in Venice 1919-1945, Pagina 15

Tesi di Dottorato

Dipartimento: Dipartimento Storia

Autore: Stefania Longo Contatta »

Composta da 274 pagine.


Questa tesi ha raggiunto 905 click dal 02/03/2005.


Consultata integralmente 4 volte.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.