Web Accessibility: a Blind Look at the ''Pompeii Website''

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Francesco Scariolo Memoria di Licenza 10 integration and participation in the life of the community.” 7 . For more then 10 years, the EU has been involved in several research programs trying to respond to the problems of disabled people; among them, the WAI (Web Accessibility Initiative of the W3C which will be discussed in more detail in chapter 2) and others. In parallel, the EU built an action plan (eEurope Action Plan 2002 8 ) with the purpose of giving an on-line society for all. In this plan, one of the goals is to render the access to the web simple for disabled people and to apply the WAI findings. This project has been successfully carry out and subsequently developed in the eEurope Action Plan 2005 9 . In the European Union, every country develops its more specific laws and Italy, for instance, on 9th January 2004 amended the well-known “Legge Stanca” (Disposizioni per favorire l'accesso dei soggetti disabili agli strumenti informatici) 10 . It is a very precise law, stating its objectives that are the protection and recognition of the right of every person to access every source of information and related services; above all computerized and telecommunication ones. In particular, services of the government and administration have to be accessible to everybody, complying with the third article of the Italian Constitution (“Tutti i cittadini hanno pari dignità sociale e sono eguali davanti alla legge, senza distinzione di sesso, […] di condizioni personali e sociali.” 11 ). The situation is a little different in the USA, a progressive nation in this domain, where a similar law was already constituted at the end of the last century. Indeed, the eminent Section 508 12 of the original Rehabilitation Act 13 , law that requires to Federal Agencies to render “their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities” 14 , was amended in 1998. To delineate the law, three Standards were defined, but accessibility requirements were not decided in that 7 European Charter of Fundamental Rights, III Chapter, 26 th Article 8 http://europa.eu.int/information_society/topics/citizens/accessibility/web/wai_2002/cec_com_web_wai_2 001/index_en.htm; last visit: 22.12.2004 9 http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/2005/all_about/action_plan/index_en.htm; last visit: 22.12.2004 10 Dispositions to make the computerized instrument accessible to disabled people. link: http://www.innovazione.gov.it/ita/intervento/normativa/allegati/disegno_Stanca_disabili.pdf; last visit: 06.12.2004. 11 3rd Article of the Italian Constitution. http://www.quirinale.it/costituzione/costituzione.htm; last visit: 20.01.2005 12 http://www.section508.gov ; last visit: 21.09.2004. 13 The Rehabilitation Act is the Federal legislation that authorizes the formula grant programs of vocational rehabilitation, supported employment, independent living, and client assistance. It also authorizes a variety of training and service discretionary grants administered by the Rehabilitation Services Administration.; link: http://www.ed.gov/policy/speced/reg/narrative.html?exp=0; last visit: 06.12.2004. 14 http://www.section508.gov/index.cfm?FuseAction=Content&ID=3; last visit: 06.12.2004.

Anteprima della Tesi di Francesco Scariolo

Anteprima della tesi: Web Accessibility: a Blind Look at the ''Pompeii Website'', Pagina 8

Tesi di Laurea

Facoltà: Scienze della Comunicazione

Autore: Francesco Scariolo Contatta »

Composta da 171 pagine.


Questa tesi ha raggiunto 474 click dal 22/03/2005.


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