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Living beyond the unanticipated sudden death of a partner: a phenomenological study

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9 Often a quantitative paradigm fits well with laboratory sciences and economic analysis. However, clinical or behavioral science settings often do not allow strict control over patients' differences and external influences. If a nurse wants to examine phenomena that are embedded in the context and a person's experience and perceptions, then other methods are needed. Students, researchers, and clinicians should understand, evaluate, and respect a wide array of methodologies. For example, understanding a mother's grief at her son's death is no more or less important than understanding cost analysis or program evaluation (p. 9). Phenomenology as a philosophy The Macquarie Dictionary defines a phenomenon as: “...an appearance or immediate object of awareness in experience,” (Delbridge, 1982, p.1297) and phenomenology as: “...the school of German philosopher Edmund Husserl 1859- 1938, which stresses the careful description of phenomena in all domains of experience without regard to traditional epistemological questions” (p.1297). Husserl believed that the relation between a person’s perception and objects and experiences was not passive, and that human consciousness actively constitutes the objects of experience (Holstein & Gubrium, 1994). Holstein and Gubrium (1994) claim that: “…this (phenomenology) has become foundational for the qualitative study of reality-constituting practices...” (p.263). Alfred Schutz (1964) argued that ordinary people reconstitute the everyday world continuously and therefore: “The safeguarding of the subjective point of view is the only but sufficient guarantee that the world of social reality will not be replaced by a fictional non-existing world constructed by the scientific observer” (cited in Holstein & Gubrium, 1994, p.263). In order to truly value an individual’s worldview or paradigm, the researcher must suspend his or her ontological belief system. Schutz (1964) refers to this concept as bracketing, which may reduce any bias that the researcher could introduce due to his/her previous experience (cited in Holstein & Gubrium, 1994, p.263). Schutz (cited in Holstein & Gubrium, 1994) also refers to individuals having a stock of knowledge, which the individual uses to allow them to make sense of their experiences, derived from previous experience. Images, theories, ideas, values, and attitudes are applied to aspects (or categories) of experience making them meaningful, thus forming the basis of what Schutz calls typifications. Typifications allow the individual to function within society without having to greet every experience as a completely new experience; typifications are incomplete, open ended, and modifiable.

Anteprima della Tesi di Martin Rodger

Anteprima della tesi: Living beyond the unanticipated sudden death of a partner: a phenomenological study, Pagina 9

International thesis/dissertation

Autore: Martin Rodger Contatta »

Composta da 309 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 256 click dal 21/07/2006.

 

Consultata integralmente 4 volte.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.