Anteprima della tesi di Silvia Pareti

How the Learning of a Second Language Affects the First Language of an Individual: The Italian of Monolingual and Multilingual Speakers

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Anteprima della tesi: How the Learning of a Second Language Affects the First Language of an Individual: The Italian of Monolingual and Multilingual Speakers, Pagina 4

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4factors responsible for L1 attrition. Hence, the influence of the L2, partly
responsible for the simplificatory changes affecting the L1 (Seliger & Vago,
1991), was considered negative.
The stress given to the necessity of considering the L2 speaker as a L2
user, whose language has not to be judged in comparison with native standards,
but is a new language in its own right (Cook, 2002), lead to a reconsideration of
the L1 influence on the L2. The ‘multi-competence’ (Cook, 1991) the bilingual
speaker possesses is a fusion of the two separate systems and not a sum of them.
Teaching methods have hence to consider the importance of the L1 for L2
learners, as it constitutes an important source available to them. There is hence
no need to discourage the use of it in class as instead some teaching
methodology, proceeding from the idea of coordinate bilingualism (Weinreich,
1953) does. The L2 learner can access the second language through the L1.
On the other hand, also the effects of the L2 on the L1 appeared to have
some benefits. Studies on the influence of FL learning on L1 skills, as the one
conducted by Papp (1991)
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with Hungarian children, had already proved the
occurrence of positive changes, especially on metalinguistic awareness and
syntactic complexity. Considering instead the acquisition of a second language in
a L2 environment, the situation becomes more complex. Positive and negative
effects of the L2 on the L1 seem to merge in what is a new linguistic system, in
which the L1 is substantially different from the monolingual norm. However, as
stressed again by Cook (2003), it is difficult to judge those changes as negative
as they constitute an integral part of the positive phenomenon of multi-
competence development.
between L1 and L2 in Language Attrition. In GASS, S., MADDEN, C., PRESTON, D. and
SELINKER, L. Variation in Second Language Acquisition. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 1989:
202-215; WELTENS, B., DE BOT, K. and VAN ELS, T. Language Attrition in Progress.
Dordrech: Foris, 1986).
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PAPP, T. Az anyanyelvi tudás és az eredményes idegennyelv tanulás összefüggései egy többszintú
longitudinális vizsgálat alapján. [The study of the interrelation of the mother tongue development
and foreign language learning in a multi-level longitudinal experiment]. Unpublished dissertation
for the candidate degree, The Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, 1991.
Findings reported and discussed in Kecskes &Papp (2000).