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Labor force participation in Italy 1861-2010. A gender study.

The history of Italian women’s contribution to the workforce has not been easy to retrace, owing to the scarcity of reliable sources. The inner awareness of lack of general attention to women’s issues has made this research even more challenging. Main step of the work has been reconstructing the female labor force participation rates through ISTAT population censuses data and other authors’ datasets in order to supply a long run perspective, covering the 150 years from the Unification of Italy; also, a broader view of the current Italian situation in the medium run has been provided by comparing the Italian labor force participation rates to those of European countries and other, either developing and rich, countries of the world. The outcomes of this study do confirm what, forty years ago already, Fuà understood: because of the low female labor force participation rates, Italy is still to be considered an outlier in the international framework. Not only has this stark reality implied that the overall labor force in Italy has been, and currently is, lower than in other nations, but also, it shows how the gender gap is closely related to the North-South gap. This is a stepping stone for new food for thought.

Mostra/Nascondi contenuto.
3 Introduction The interest in women’s issues is the engine that has driven my research, which aims to study women’s participation to the workforce in Italy, during the years 1861-2010, and to compare the Italian situation to that of the major European and world countries. Women’s issues have been inspiring the historical, philosophical and economic debate over time, attempting to examine the reasons of the gender inequality. Recently, Daniele and Malanima (2011) have indicated the low levels of female labor participation as a cause of the general low occupational rate . They have also provided an international outlook that shows that Italy has to be regarded as an outlier . Yet, their empirical work has not been completely exhaustive for my research as it lacks the gender perspective I was looking for; my contribution is to retrace the sources of the time series supplied by Daniele and Malanima for the years 1861-2001 as follows: (i) by collecting and clustering ISTAT regional census data on both male and female active population in the three main economic sectors; (ii) by calculating the overall labor force participation rate, as a ratio between the total labor force and the present (resident) population; (iii) by splitting the data by gender in order to determinate the female labor force participation rate. My work is organized as follows: Chapter 1 presents the current data on female labor force participation, with a spotlight on international comparisons; Chapter 2 is an insight into the Italian reality, and its regional differences; Chapter 3 concludes.

Laurea liv.I

Facoltà: Economia

Autore: Flavia Saracino Contatta »

Composta da 42 pagine.

 

Questa tesi ha raggiunto 31 click dal 16/05/2012.

Disponibile in PDF, la consultazione è esclusivamente in formato digitale.