Multimodal Distinctive Behavior for Expressive Embodied Conversational Agents

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Chapter 2 Background 2.1 Nonverbal communication Nonverbal communication is an essential element of human-human communication, together with the verbal message. By nonverbal communication, we refer to all the communicative signals, with the exception of spoken words, that are produced by actions such as facial expressions, hand/arm gestures, posture shifts, and so on, and also through voice by variations in volume, pitch, speed of speech. The general paradigm of nonverbal communication, as explained by Argyle [4], can be described as follows. Consider 2 entities, A and B. A’s intention, or goal, is to communicate his state (e.g. his emotional state) to B. Nonverbal communication consists in encoding A’s intention into nonverbal behaviors, or signals, which may be decoded by B, not necessarily as intended by A. Following the definition of Duncan [34], nonverbal communication consists in the transmission of a mental repre- sentation from one person to another via bodily gestures. In Figure 2.1 we represent the sender (A) on the left side of the diagram and the receiver (B) on the right side. In the diagram we highlight 9

Anteprima della Tesi di Maurizio Mancini

Anteprima della tesi: Multimodal Distinctive Behavior for Expressive Embodied Conversational Agents, Pagina 8

Tesi di Dottorato

Dipartimento: Ecole doctorale cognition, langage, interaction

Autore: Maurizio Mancini Contatta »

Composta da 201 pagine.


Questa tesi ha raggiunto 187 click dal 01/10/2008.

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